By Joëlle Rollo-Koster
With the arriving of Clement V in 1309, seven popes governed the Western Church from Avignon till 1378. Joëlle Rollo-Koster lines the compelling tale of the transplanted papacy in Avignon, town the popes remodeled into their capital. via an enticing mixture of political and social background, she argues that we must always imagine extra certainly in regards to the Avignon papacy, with its potent governance, highbrow creativity, and dynamism. it's a notable story of an establishment becoming and protecting its prerogatives, of individuals either low and high who produced and served its wishes, and of the town they equipped jointly.
As the writer reconsiders the Avignon papacy (1309–1378) and the good Western Schism (1378–1417) in the social surroundings of past due medieval Avignon, she additionally recovers the city’s city texture, the stamp of its streets, the noise of its crowds and celebrations, and its people’s joys and pains. each one bankruptcy makes a speciality of the popes, their ideas, the crises they confronted, and their management but additionally at the heritage of the town, contemplating the new historiography to hyperlink the lifetime of the management with that of the town and its humans. the tale of Avignon and its population is important for our figuring out of the institutional heritage of the papacy within the later heart a while. the writer argues that the Avignon papacy and the Schism inspired primary institutional alterations within the governance of early smooth Europe—effective centralization associated with financial coverage, effective bureaucratic governance, court docket society (société de cour), and conciliarism. This interesting background of a misunderstood period will convey to lifestyles what it used to be prefer to dwell within the fourteenth-century capital of Christianity.
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Extra resources for Avignon and Its Papacy, 1309-1417: Popes, Institutions, and Society
Bouillon, 1899). 26. Léon Mirot, Guillaume Mollat, Henri Jassemin, and Edmond René Labande, Lettres secrètes et curiales du pape Grégoire XI (1370–1378) relatives à la France, extraites des registres du Vatican (Paris: De Boccard, 1935). 27. Guillaume Mollat, Les papes d’Avignon (1305–1378) (Paris: V. Lecoffre, 1912); Jean XXII, Lettres communes analysées d’après les registres dits d’Avignon et du Vatican, ed. ; Clément VI, Lettres closes, patentes et curiales se rapportant à la France publiées ou analysées d’après les registres du Vatican, ed.
Nelson, 1963). 39. Yves Renouard, The Avignon Papacy, trans. Denis Bethell (Hamden: Archon, 1970). 40. Patrick N. R. Zutschi, “The Avignon Papacy,” in The New Cambridge Medieval History, ed. Michael Jones (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), vol. 6, 653–673. 41. For a detailed discussion of this administration, see Aux origines de l’état moderne, le fonctionnement administratif de la papauté d’Avignon, actes de la table ronde organisée par l’École française de Rome, Avignon, 23–24 janvier 1988 (Rome: École française de Rome, 1990).
26 Like Vienne, Avignon did not belong to France but to Provence, and the city neighbored the Comtat Venaissin, papal territory since Philip III of France granted it to the pope in 1274. France was also on the other side of the Rhône, across the Pont Saint-Bénézet, on its western side. Clement found lodging in the large Dominican convent at Avignon and traveled back and forth from there to Carpentras, where he prepared for the council.