By Greg Fisher
In among Empires Greg Fisher tackles the matter of pre-Islamic Arab identification through analyzing the connection among the Roman Empire and the Empire of Sasanian Iran, and a range in their Arab allies and neighbours, the Jafnids, Nasrids, and Hujrids. Fisher specializes in the final century sooner than the emergence of Islam and stresses the significance of a close to East ruled through Rome and Iran for the formation of early techniques of Arab identification. specifically, he examines cultural and non secular integration, political actions, and the position performed by means of Arabic as components during this method. He concludes that interface with the Roman Empire, particularly, performed a key function in supporting to put the basis for later options of Arab identification, and that the area of past due Antiquity is, consequently, of putting up with curiosity in our figuring out of what we now name the center East.
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Additional resources for Between Empires: Arabs, Romans, and Sasanians in Late Antiquity (Oxford Classical Monographs)
C. Blockley, ‘Subsidiaries and diplomacy: Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity’, Phoenix, 39 (1985), 62–74, at 66; Z. Rubin, ‘Diplomacy and war in the relations between Byzantium and the Sassanids in the ﬁfth century AD’, in P. Freeman and D. ), The Defence of the Roman and Byzantine East: Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the University of Shefﬁeld in April 1986 (Oxford, 1986), ii. 677–95. 93 Proc. 1–2. 94 Ibid. 1–9. 89 Introduction 33 only, at the last gasp, by the daring exploits of Heraclius on the eve of the Muslim invasions.
Hist. pref. 22; Theoph. Sim. Hist. 13. 46 See P. Allen, Evagrius Scholasticus: The Church Historian (Leuven, 1981), 20; and n. 50, below. Introduction 17 Ecclesiastical historians writing in Greek constitute another aspect of the literary source material. References to Arabs are sometimes found in the narratives of the ﬁfth-century authors Sozomen (b. 400) Socrates (b. 380) and Theodoret (b. 49 Evagrius, Zacharias Rhetor, and John of Ephesus followed this tradition, although in substantially different ways inﬂuenced by the religious disputes of the ﬁfth and sixth centuries.
43 Nevertheless, central to the importance of his writing for the 40 Cameron, Procopius, 151. Ibid. 131–3; Kaldellis, Procopius of Caesarea, esp. ch. 5; D. Brodka, Die Geschichtsphilosophie in der spätantiken Historiographie. Studien zu Prokopios von Kaisareia, Agathias von Myrina und Theophylaktos Simokattes (Frankfurt, 2004), esp. 40–56; Whitby, ‘Religious views of Procopius and Agathias’, 86–7, asserting that despite these difﬁculties Procopius remained interested in analysing causality and did so in a more rigorous fashion than Theophylact.